The ongoing research on stem cells has started showing the way where conventional medical sciences start giving up. The research focuses on the fact that stem cells are the body’s fundamental building block, and all human beings have started their journey of life with one stem cell.
This one cell keeps multiplying and, in 4 to 6 weeks, starts adapting itself in cells of specific functions such as brain cells, liver cells, skin cells, etc. Finally, a baby is delivered in 9 months, and these are the stem cells that are instrumental in converting 3 kg of a baby into an adult weighing 50 Kg.
The whole research is focused on the usage of these stem cells to regenerate the cells in specific areas. Today’s topic will focus on the use and benefits of stem cells therapy for Neurological disorders.
The latest and upcoming technology of stem cell therapy has given “A new ray of hope” for the patients and their families who have tried every possible conventional treatment and not getting results. By the virtue of stem cells and their regenerative properties and the capability to modify themselves to the other body type cells, many diseases are now getting treated, which earlier medical science did not have any answers for.
Stem cell therapies are instrumental for developing healthy cells, having regeneration power, and modifying themselves according to the other body type cells. Hence, stem cell therapies are becoming a blessing for human beings.
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Let’s understand more about neurological disorders that are treated by stem cell therapies.
Autism (Autism Spectrum Disorder)
Autism is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing social interaction and communication problems.
The autistic child or person has compromised social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech problems, and nonverbal communication challenges.
Since, stem cells have the capability to repair, regenerate, and replace the damaged cells in the brain, they help individuals with autism by the following mechanisms:
- Stem cells release the growth factors that regulate the immune imbalance and have a healing and regenerative effect on damaged tissue.
- Stem cells increase the blood supply to the damaged tissue by forming new blood vessels through angiogenesis (formation of new blood vessels), thereby helping in their repair process.
- Stem cells convert into the tissue type of cells of brain, thereby replacing non-functioning tissue.
For more information about stem cell therapy for autism treatment, visit here https://www.medicoexperts.com/autism/
Cerebral palsy is caused by deformity or brain damage, usually during pregnancy, sometimes during delivery, or right after birth. Increased risk of cerebral palsy is associated with premature birth. A child can also get cerebral palsy after birth from severe jaundice or an injury or disease affecting the brain later in infancy.
The condition creates various kinds of motor disability, ranging from relatively mild and scarcely noticeable to very deep. Cerebral palsy Child could be a little uncoordinated or awkward, or cannot walk, depends upon the severity of the disorder.
Cerebral palsy is divided into four types.
- Spastic Cerebral Palsy: This is the most common type that affects about 80% of people with Cerebral Palsy. In this type of Cerebral Palsy, muscles get stiff that make movements awkward.
- Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy: In this type of Cerebral Palsy, people face difficulty controlling the movement of their hands, arms, feet, and legs, making it challenging to sit and walk.
- Ataxic Cerebral Palsy: In this type of Cerebral Palsy, people face problems with balance and coordination. Such as unsteady when they walk, and movement that needs control like writing.
- Mixed Cerebral Palsy: In this type of Cerebral Palsy, people have more than one type of Cerebral Palsy.
It has been observed that for cerebral palsy treatment with stem cell therapy in which patients showed over 90% symptomatic improvement.
For more information about stem cell therapy for cerebral palsy treatment, visit here https://www.medicoexperts.com/cerebral-palsy/
Parkinson’s Disease is a progressive nervous system disorder caused by a loss (or deterioration) of nerve cells in the brain that affect movement.
Parkinson’s signs and symptoms may include:
- Tremor: Your hand may be shaking when you are not doing anything.
- Rigid muscles: The stiff muscles can be painful and limit your range of motion.
- Slowed movement: Restriction on your activities over time, making simple tasks difficult and time-consuming.
- Impaired posture and balance: Parkinson’s disease may make your posture bent, or you may have balance problems due to it.
- Decreased ability to perform unconscious movements: Loss of automatic movements like blinking, smiling, or swinging your arms when walking.
- Speech changes: You may speak softly, quickly, slur, or hesitate before talking and don’t have much control while speaking.
- Writing changes: In Parkinson’s disease full control over hand movement is not there that results in shaking and you may find it hard to write.
Stem cells hold tremendous promise for regenerative medicine. Stem cells begin a new era of treatment for Parkinson’s disease by replacing the lost and deteriorated cells.
Loss of dopamine is responsible for Parkinson’s disease. Stem cell therapy has the benefits of replacing and repairing damaged dopamine, producing nerve cells within the brain.
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
This is the most commonly detected mental disorder in kids. In this medical condition, a person has differences in brain development and brain activity that affect attention, sitting still, and self-control.
Kids with ADHD have common symptoms like
- Easily distracted
And for adults, symptoms like
- They are often being late or forgetting things.
- Easily frustrated
- Low self-esteem
- Trouble controlling anger
- Trouble staying organised
Stem cell therapy normalizes the activity of the immune and nervous system, blocking the autoimmune process, and thereby positively affects the functions of the central nervous system and, accordingly, speech, behavior, and cognitive abilities of the child.
Stem cells have the potential to replace lost cells, and dead or non-functioning cells to neutralize injuries in the central nervous system,
Dementia is the word that is used to describe a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking, and social abilities severely enough to interfere with your daily life.
Dementia generally involves memory loss.
Types of Dementia
The most common types of Dementia are as following
- Alzheimer’s disease: This is the most common form of dementia that is 70 to 80% of the cases. It is a progressive neurologic disorder which causes the brain to shrink (atrophy) and brain cells to die. In this a continuous decline in thinking, behavioral and social skills of a person is affected.
- Vascular dementia: Approx. 17% of people who have been diagnosed with dementia will have vascular dementia. This is the 2nd most common form of dementia in older people. Vascular dementia is a term given which describing problems reasoning, planning, judgment, memory and other thought processes caused by brain damage from impaired blood flow to your brain.
- Frontotemporal dementia: It is the third most common dementia in people under the age of 65. This is caused when brain cells die due to clumps of protein developing inside them which occurs in the front and sides of the brain. These areas of the brain are generally associated with personality, behavior and language.
- Lewy body dementia: Lewy body dementia is a progressive condition it occurs when unusual structures known as Lewy bodies develop in the brain. It affects the movements and motor control of a person.
- Huntington’s disease: Huntington’s disease is an inherited genetic disorder caused by a faulty gene on chromosome 4. It has a broad impact on a person’s functional abilities and usually results in movement, thinking (cognitive) and psychiatric disorders.
- Mixed dementia: When a person has a diagnosis of two or three types together dementia.
Stem cell therapy for dementia treatment slows down the deterioration and allows people to live life with normal memory.
Stem cell therapy can help generate new cells to repair damage and restore lost cells in the brain.
These stem cells used during stem cell therapy for dementia are also involved in neuroprotection(It is an effect that may result in rescue, recovery, or regeneration of the nervous system, its cells, and function), angiogenesis (the development of new blood vessels), and several other metabolic activities that help improve the reasoning, thinking, and memory abilities of individuals with dementia.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Traumatic brain injury can happen when a sudden, violent blow or jolt to the head damages the brain. The impact can cause brain damage.
Concussions (a violent shock as from a heavy blow) are the most common type of TBI.
Depending upon the severity of Traumatic brain injuries, we can classify the TBI in different types that are as follows:
- Mild concussion (mTBI): People who have an mTBI can experience confusion for about one day.
- Moderate TBI: This type of head injury is associated with losing consciousness for over 30 minutes but less than one day. Confusion can last for up to one week depending upon the injury.
- Severe TBI: Individuals with this type of head injury have a period of unconsciousness. These injuries are typically diagnosed with head CT or brain MRI.
Depending upon the nature and penetration of injury in the head, we can classify the TBI in following types:
- Open: Open Traumatic brain injury a penetrating TBI. This injury occurs when a bullet, knife, or something else goes through the skull. If the object penetrates the skull and goes into the brain, which results in damaged brain tissue.
- Closed: Most TBIs are closed which means when an outside force causes a blow or jolt to the head but did not penetrate the skull and impacted the injures in the brain that causes it to swell.
Stem cell treatment for traumatic brain injury stimulates neurons due to neuroplasticity (The brain can reorganize itself by forming new neural connections throughout life). Through this, we not only create new cells but also reinforce the ongoing neuroplasticity.
Numerous types of stem cells can be used during stem cell treatment for traumatic brain injury.
Bone marrow-derived stem cells can form neural cells. Stem cells help in restoring the damaged brain tissue after a traumatic brain injury. The transmitted stem cells to the brain can build a repair and renewal process of newer blood vessels. The development of new axons (It is a long, thread-like structure attached to a nerve cell that sends out signals away from the nerve cell), neurogenesis (the growth and development of nervous tissue), and fresh communication between neurons help renew brain damage. Some growth and neurotrophic (relating to the growth of nervous tissue) factors help in restoring neuron protection.
This article is written to brief you on the conditions where stem cell therapy can give good results. If you are undergoing any of the above neuro conditions, you should explore stem cell therapy as an option for better results.
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