The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age, and this cancer only plagues men, especially above the age of 50. Early identified prostate cancer — when still restricted to the prostate gland — has a better opportunity of being treated successfully.
The prostate is a tiny walnut-shaped gland in males that generates the seminal fluid that nourishes and carries sperm. Due to the abnormal growth of cells, a tumour is formed in the prostate. Many a time, this could also spread to other parts of the body.
Prostate cancer treatment includes procedure like hormone therapy, external beam radiation, radical prostatectomy, etc.
The best treatment for prostate cancer is based on the patient, his medical condition and stage of cancer. Undergoing prostate cancer treatment in India has several advantages.
The best prostate cancer treatment in India is a combination of
The cost for prostate cancer treatment in India varies on the size of the tumour, stage of cancer and also the treatment option chosen according to the condition of the patient. A cancer evaluation will reveal the extent of the spread and the best suited treatment to restrict and cure it. The cost for cancer evaluation starts from 500 USD.
After the initial evaluation, the oncologist will be able to gauge if cancer can be treated by therapy alone or if surgery is recommended. The cost for prostate cancer surgery in India starts from 4200 USD. Thanks to advancement in technology and innovation, newer and safer surgical options are also possible. Advanced cutting-edge surgery like Focal Laser Ablation and robot-assisted prostatectomy surgery are also available for an additional 10-20% of the standard surgery cost. However, it is to be noted that not every patient is eligible for this treatment option. The onco-surgeon will suggest the best suited treatment plan based on the patient’s case.
In certain cases, surgery is also to be combined with other treatment like chemotherapy and radiation therapy to ensure complete cure. The cost of chemotherapy starts from 400 USD / cycle.
Listen to Dr. Pankaj Maheshwari speak about prostate enlargement, prostate cancer and all you need to know to be cautious.
He also answers all commonly asked questions regarding prostate enlargement, prostate cancer and its treatment.
Dr. Pankaj Maheshwari is a renowned urologist and has over 23 years of expertise in handling urological cases.
He is one of the pioneers to initiate therapeutic flexible ureteroscopy in India.
This involves the use of high-intensity energy through either external beam radiation therapy or brachytherapy – radioactive seeds placed inside that emits low radiations for a prolonged period.
This treatment involves LH-RH and anti-androgens to prevent the growth and spread of testosterone.
Specific drugs are injected to the patient to combat the disease and destroy the cells which are multiplying dangerously.
The patient’s own cells are taken out, modified and injected again in the patient to fight cancer cells. This method is also called biological therapy
The surgical method to remove the prostate gland along with the nearby tissues is called radical prostatectomy surgery. This surgery is suggested to those males whose cancer is restricted to the prostate gland only.
The surgical intervention of the removal of the prostate gland and the adjoining tissues by employing the use of highly advanced – robotic surgical technology is known as Robot-assisted prostatectomy surgery.
This method minimizes the post-operative side effects like impotence or incontinence. Robot-assisted technology offers the surgeon more expertise in conducting the surgery with precision.
Controlled freezing and thawing of the prostate gland to destroy cancer cells in the target region is called cryotherapy.
Radiofrequency ablation is an innovative treatment used to kill cancerous tissues using high-frequency radio waves and heat.
This treatment technique is highly targeted and it does not impact the neighbouring tissues and organs, as is usually the case with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
HIFU or High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound makes use of heat energy created by targeted sound waves to destroy only selected cells. Surgical intervention like minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP) and High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) have gained attention in recent years in India due to its many benefits.
It is found that patients with MIRP had a two-day median hospital stay compared to patients with radical prostatectomy who has to spend three days in the hospital. India is one of the few countries that has hospitals equipped to perform HIFU and Radiofrequency ablation; the best oncologist in India have pioneered these surgical methods with precision and expertise.
Prostate Cancer procedure
Success rate of Prostate cancer treatment in India
The incidence of prostate cancer has increased in recent years, with it being the second leading cause of death in men. As the cancer is slow-growing and non-aggressive, it not easily diagnosed in older men, amongst whom it is majorly prevalent.
Nearly 100 percent of males with local or regional prostate cancer will survive over five years after diagnosis. About 85 percent of patients are likely to survive 10 years after radical prostatectomy.
Frequently Asked Questions and patient concerns:
1. How long will it take for me to recover after my prostate cancer surgery?
After the surgery, you would be required to stay in the hospital for about 3-4 days. The patient can resume routine activities after about two weeks after the surgery. Strenuous activities and sexual activities can be resumed about 8 to 10 weeks after the surgery.
2. How will I know if prostate cancer surgery is recommended for me?
Ideally, prostate cancer surgery is advised for men who are younger than 75 years of age with localized prostate cancer and who are expected to be in good health for at least 10 more years.
3. What are the symptoms and signs of prostate cancer?
Early stages of cancer do not show any noticeable symptoms; hence it is advised that men above the age of 50 voluntarily undergo testing for prostate cancer.
Signs of prostate cancer are:
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Painful urination or blood in the urine or even strain while emptying the bladder
- Blood in semen
- Liver cirrhosis
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
- Erectile dysfunction
4. Can prostate cancer be prevented?
You can reduce the risks by adopting the following steps:
- Choosing a nourishing lifestyle with moderate exercise, a wholesome diet of fruits and vegetables
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Check with your doctor if you fall in the high-risk group
- Annual examination is also suggested for men above 50 years of age
5. How probable is cancer to advance without therapy or treatment?
Oncologists treating prostate cancer take into account severable of variables that predict how quickly cancer will develop. These variables include the cancer clinical phase, the amount of PSA and the appearance under the microscope of the prostate cancer cells (the Gleason sum). Together, these variables can be used to predict the prostate cancer progression risk of an individual.
6. Is it true that black men are more likely to get prostate cancer?
Black men are more probable than other males to develop prostate cancer. We don’t understand why, but it may be associated with genes. At some stage in their life, about 1 in 4 black people will get prostate cancer.
7. Is laser treatment safer and better than traditional methods of treatment?
Laser treatment like Focal Laser Ablation makes use of MRI imaging to identify the cancer cells in the prostate gland and with the use of advanced laser technology removes the cancer cells completely without causing side-effects like incontinence or impotence or erectile dysfunction.
MedicoExperts is a Global virtual hospital which is established to offer quality healthcare services at affordable pricing without compromising the success rates of the treatment. MedicoExperts is having a network of highly experienced super specialist doctors and well equipped hospitals across the globe and offering second opinion through online video consultation and surgical interventions through its empanelled super specialist doctors at its network hospitals in 17 countries from 3 continents.
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