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Stem cell therapy in India

Is stem cell therapy in India a promising treatment or a medical fraud to make money from your desperation?

There are so many frauds related to stem cell treatment. At the same time, stem cell therapy has helped so many get a happier and healthier life.

Stem cell therapy has demonstrated numerous encouraging results in India for various severe illnesses that do not respond to conventional treatments. This is feasible due to the remarkable and unique attributes of stem cells, opening up immense possibilities for treatment.

We understand the helplessness and stress that families go through after being diagnosed with a serious disease where conventional medical sciences have no treatment or prolonged outcomes. 

For instance, conditions like Autism, Cerebral Palsy, and ADHD, where parents used to endure decades of waiting with little hope, now show progress. Parents can witness their children moving towards normalcy, socializing with other kids, doing daily chores independently, and transitioning from special schools to regular ones.

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Think about conditions like Dementia and Parkinson’s disease, where you see elderlies suffer. Now, picture them living an independent and normal life, enjoying their life, thanks to stem cell therapies. 

These therapies also address problems like severe spine injuries, strokes, chronic kidney dysfunction, arthritis, muscular dystrophy, delayed milestones, mental retardation, motor neuron disease, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and more.

Now let’s learn more about stem cell therapy in India and how it is transforming lives. But before that let’s understand what is a stem cell. 

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What is a stem cell?

Stem cells are the body’s basic building block. These are the cells from which all other cells with specialized functions such as blood cells, brain cells, heart muscle cells, bone cells, skin cells, etc are generated. 

The formation of the human body starts in the womb of the mother. The first stem cell forms when a male sperm and a female egg fuse, creating a zygote.

The journey of life begins with a single-cell zygote. This stem cell gives rise to more stem cells, which multiply over time. Eventually, these stem cells transform into specialized cells. This process unfolds during the nine-month journey, leading to the formation of the human body.

These are the stem cells that continuously multiply, existing as both stem cells and specialized cells. This growth process spans from infancy to adulthood, shaping the body.

The intriguing aspect is that, in an appropriate environment, stem cells multiply and give rise to cells known as daughter cells. This environment can exist either within the body or in a laboratory setting. The daughter cells can either develop into new stem cells or differentiate into specialized cells with distinct functions, such as blood cells, brain cells, heart muscle cells, bone cells, and so on.

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What are the different types of stem cells?

In the previous section, we mentioned that stem cells can multiply, either remaining as stem cells or transforming into specialized cells. This capability allows us to distinguish between the following five types.

These are cells with the ability to multiply into any type of stem cell. The term “Totipotent” is derived from “Total potential.” These cells can give rise to additional stem cells and specialized cells. They are formed within the first four weeks of embryo development.

These cells possess the ability to develop into the majority of the 220 distinct adult cell types. The term is derived from “Plural potential.” These cells are abundant starting from the sixth week of embryo development onward.

Multipotent stem cells are a type of stem cell that has the capability to differentiate into multiple, but not all, adult cell types. Unlike totipotent or pluripotent stem cells, which can give rise to a wide range of cell types, multipotent stem cells have a more limited differentiation potential. 

They are specialized to become a variety of related cell types within a specific tissue or organ. While they are not as versatile as totipotent or pluripotent stem cells, multipotent stem cells play a crucial role in tissue repair, maintenance, and regeneration within their specific biological niches.

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These stem cells share similarities with the previous type (multipotent stem cells), but they are more restricted in their ability to differentiate into specialized cells.

While these cells can undergo self-renewal and differentiation, their capacity to do so is limited to closely related cell types.

An exemplary illustration of oligopotent cells is the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC). HSCs, derived from the mesoderm (one of the three primary germ layers in the early embryo), have the ability to differentiate into various blood cells.

Specifically, HSCs are oligopotent stem cells capable of differentiating into both myeloid and lymphoid cells, which are associated with the bone marrow and lymph nodes.

Unipotent stem cells, the least potent and most restricted type of stem cell, represent the final category. An example of this stem cell type is found in muscle stem cells. While these cells can undergo self-renewal, they have the ability to differentiate exclusively into a single cell type.

Stem cell treatment in India

Stem cell treatment in India has emerged as a promising frontier in medical advancements, offering innovative solutions for various health conditions. Renowned for its cutting-edge research and specialized clinics, India has become a sought-after destination for individuals seeking the potential benefits of stem cell therapies.

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What are the sources of stem cells?

Stem cells can be derived from various sources, including embryos, adult tissues, and cord blood, each holding distinct potential for therapeutic applications. Here are the sources of stem cells in detail.

Embryonic stem cells

Embryonic stem cells are obtained from embryos, which are either generated through in vitro fertilization (IVF) or sourced from aborted embryos.

Adult stem cells

Adult Stem cells are received from the umbilical cord, Baby teeth, and limited tissues such as bone marrow, muscle & adipose tissue (body fat), brain, dental pulp, etc.

What is stem cell therapy?

Stem cells therapy is the transplantation of stem cells extracted from your own bone marrow and adipose tissue (body fat). Stem cells have the biological task of repairing and regenerating damaged cells.

Stem cell therapy takes advantage of this function by processing these extracted stem cells in the specialized stem cells laboratory and then administering them in high concentration into the damaged tissue, where they promote healing and development.

Stem cell therapy minimizes symptoms, avoids future complications, and maximizes function independence.

A growing number of successful stem cell treatments have emerged over the past few years with increased research and development activities.

Stem cells can be obtained from a variety of sources and used to treat more than 80 disorders such as leukemia, thalassemia, aplastic anemia, sickle cell anemia, and MDS, and with the potential to treat neuromuscular disorders, degenerative disorders, and genetic disorders such as autism, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, down syndrome, etc.

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What condition and disease do stem cells treat?


Autism is a neuro-developmental disease in children that have been identified since birth for the first three years.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is caused by deformity or brain damage, usually during pregnancy, and sometimes during delivery, or right after birth.

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a neuromuscular disorder that constantly damages healthy muscles making them weak and wasted.

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic kidney failure, is characterized by a progressive loss of kidney function, which filters wastes and excess fluids from the blood.

Spinal Cord Injury

A spinal cord injury (SCI) damages the spinal cord that results in permanent changes in strength, sensation, and other body functions loss like mobility.

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve and maintain a sufficient penile erection for sexual performance.

Knee Pain

Knee pain occurs as a result of wear and tear on the knee. It can affect people of any age, but it is most common in the elderly.

Hip Pain

Hip pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including arthritis, injuries (fracture, labral tears, and dislocation), and bursitis (small fluid-filled sacs).


Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a condition in which your blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, is too high.


Infertility is the inability of women to get pregnant despite having multiple, frequent and unprotected sex during the ovulation period for at least a year for most couples.


Dementia is a group of symptoms that affect your memory, thinking, and social abilities to the point of interfering with your daily activities.

Burn Injury

A burn occurs when skin tissue is damaged by heat, chemicals, sunlight, electricity, or radiation. The majority of burns are accidental. Burns appeared in a range of degrees.

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Why stem cells is getting popular?

By the capabilities of Stem Cells and being very close to how the body forms, Stem therapy can give results where the conventional medical sciences are hitting their limitations. 

In moments of despair, stem cell therapies offer a renewed lease on life, enhancing both its duration and quality

Another reason for the popularity of autologous(your stem cells) stem cell therapies is that your adult stem cell is extracted and reinjected in the affected area after multiplying and processing it in the laboratory.

Since these are your stem cells, the risk of rejections and any other complications is less. It’s like treating the ailment with your building blocks.

Why there is a controversy about stem cells?

There is another very important aspect that you should never miss before concluding your plan of action. 

Although there are so many patients who have benefited from stem cell therapy, there are still so many patients who are not able to see the results that they were expecting from the treatment.

Moreover, there are also the patients who observed positive results in the beginning but with time those results faded away and the situation is back to square one.

The main reason behind this inconsistency of results is that this stem cell therapy has not been established as a standard protocol-based treatment. The doctors who are practicing it are evolving their protocols. Hence, the results of different practitioners of stem cell therapy are different.

Further, you can’t assume that if one practitioner can deliver results for one ailment or condition with his protocol will also be able to give similar results in other conditions.

Now let’s check the stem cell therapy cost in India.

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What is Stem cell therapy cost in India?

The stem cell therapy cost in India starts from 2000 USD (163110 INR) for one cycle and depends on the number of cycles, the patient’s condition, the treating doctor, and the protocol followed.

The patient will have to stay for about 10-30 days to undergo stem cell therapy in India.

In certain cases, depending on the suggested treatment, the patient may have to extend the stay for about 45 days.

The cost of stem cell therapy in India is comparatively lesser and much more affordable than what it would cost in the Western world, apart from having absolutely no waiting time for the treatment.

Stem Cell Therapy in India explained by Dr Anant Bagul

Stem cell therapy in India provides exceptional results for serious ailments like autism, cerebral palsy, down syndrome, etc.

In this video, Dr Anant Bagul, a renowned stem cell expert talks about stem cell therapy and how it is effectively treating serious neurological disorders like autism, cerebral palsy, etc.

Dr Anant Bagul is from Universal Hospital and specializes in treating autism, cerebral palsy, and spinal cord injury by employing the use of stem cell therapy.

Stem cell therapy success rate in India

Some of the best stem cell therapy hospitals in India are accessible with the latest innovations supported by state-of-the-art machinery that plays a crucial part in delivering high-quality stem cell treatment in India.

There is an overall success rate of 60 to 80 percent in the use of stem cell therapy in India. Success rates vary, however, depending on the disease being treated, the specialist performing the procedures, and the patient’s condition.

Stem cell therapy success rate in India

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Frequently Asked Questions and Patient Concerns:

1. How many numbers of stem cell cycles are needed to treat?

There is no thumb rule on the number of cycles. The number of cycles for you depends upon the conditions of the patient, the number of stem cells given in a cycle, disease severity, age, and a combination of other therapies such as oxygen and ozone therapies.

2. Is there a possibility to use the stem cells of someone else ?

Theoretically yes, embryonic stem cells are typically extracted from the discarded embryos during the IVF process.

However, the practitioner’s first choice is always to use your own adult mesenchymal stem cells or autologous stem cells.

3. How will I benefit from stem cell therapy?

Stem cell therapy helps you to heal, regenerate and repair tissues that are damaged or wounded. It reduces your pain, inflammation, and increases efficiency and function.

4. What could be the side effects of stem cell therapy?

Usually, the side effects are negligible. Infection is a rare chance. You may experience mild pain, soreness, or discomfort at the site of the extraction of the cells.

5. Is my body going to refuse stem cell therapy?

If the stem cells come from your own body, the stem cells will not be rejected by your body. However, with an Allogenic ( Others stem cell) stem cell transplant, complications such as Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD) could occur where the stem cells consider the body of the patient to be alien and begin attacking the body.

6. How long is recovery going to take?

You can expect visible improvements within 3 weeks of the treatment. However, there will be a continuous improvement in your body thereafter.

7. When can I bounce back into my daily routine?

You can slowly get back to the usual life the next day after the completion of therapy.

8. What is the current status of Stem cell therapy from the regulatory framework?

The stem cell-based therapy is in the research phase and not yet formally approved by ICMR. However, the application of stem cells, popularly known as bone marrow transplants, in blood-related disorders is approved by ICMR.

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