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Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy Treatment in India

As a parent of a child with cerebral palsy, you may be worried about your child’s education and future. 

You want to improve their mobility, and self-reliance by giving them the right treatment and care they need. 

You may have heard about cell-based therapies like stem cell therapy and how effective they are, but you are still confused and not sure whether you should opt for it for your child.

India has shown some amazing success in the field of stem cell treatment, especially in the case of cerebral palsy. 

In other words, cerebral palsy treatment in India can give your child a new life. Let’s learn how.

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Cerebral Palsy Treatment in India

Key Takeaways

  • Know about cerebral palsy and its causes, symptoms, and different types.
  • Learn more about the process of diagnosis and how can early detection help in treatment.
  • Learn about regenerative medicines and how stem cell therapy is one of the best and most advanced options.
  • Know the team of experts involved in the treatment process, the cost of the treatment, and how successful it is.

What is Cerebral Palsy?

The term cerebral palsy means a group of conditions that affect your movements and posture. It happens due to damage to the developing brain, mostly in the mother’s womb. The brain damage happens to the areas that control your muscle movements.

The symptoms of  Cerebral Palsy can be mild to severe and they start showing up in infancy or early childhood. 

Check this video to understand cerebral palsy better.

What are the causes of Cerebral Palsy?

As said above, cerebral palsy happens when parts of your brain that control your muscles or movements are damaged. 

These damages can happen due to many causes. Let’s learn about these causes:

These damages can happen before and during birth. Here are some causes:

  • Premature birth.
  • Lack of blood flow to the brain of the fetus.
  • Birth defects happen as the baby’s brain doesn’t develop properly while in the womb.
  • Infection in the brain or spinal cord.
  • Genetic problems that affect the fetus.
  • Brain damage due to bilirubin (a substance created by your liver)  buildup.
  • Brain damage is caused by a newborn breathing a mixture of its first feces and amniotic fluid into the lung during the delivery. Due to this, there can be a lack of oxygen in the uterus which may lead to brain damage.
  • Newborn low blood sugar.

The baby can develop cerebral palsy after birth. Here are some causes:

  • Accidental injury. 
  • Asphyxiation (oxygen deprivation that can cause unconsciousness or even death).
  • Stroke, bleeding, or infections in the brain.
  • Jaundice.

The following are some risk factors for cerebral palsy:

  • Having a low birth weight.
  • Infertility treatment of the mother.
  • Infections during pregnancy.
  • Fever during pregnancy.
  • Toxic chemical exposure during pregnancy.
  • Some medical conditions of the mother like abnormal thyroid function, excess protein in urine, seizures, and developmental or intellectual disability.
  • Complicated delivery.
  • Infants who have seizures.
  • Jaundice in infants.
  • Injuries in infants.

Knowing the risk factors will help you take proactive steps and may prevent the chances of cerebral palsy.

What are the symptoms of Cerebral Palsy?

The symptoms of CP vary from patient to patient. Some patients with CP may have difficulty in balance, others may have difficulty in movement.

In some cases, cerebral palsy impacts the whole body and in other cases, it might be restricted to one side of the body. 

Typically, signs and symptoms include but are not limited to problems with movement, balance, coordination, speech, swallowing, eating, and walking.

The symptoms of cerebral palsy can be divided into movement and coordination, speech and eating, developmental issues, and other problems. Let’s have a look at them.

Symptoms related to movement and coordination are:

  • Stiff muscles.
  • Variations in muscle tone, such as being either too stiff or too floppy.
  • Not able to balance the body.
  • Jerky involuntary movements.
  • Slow movements.
  • Only reaching with one hand.
  • Dragging a leg while crawling.
  • Walking on toes.
  • A crouched walk.
  • A scissors-like walk with knees crossing. 
  • A wide gait or an asymmetrical walk.
  • Difficulty with fine motor skills, such as buttoning clothes or picking up utensils.

Symptoms related to speech and eating disorders of cerebral palsy are: 

  • Delays in speech development.
  • Difficulty speaking.
  • Difficulty with sucking, chewing or eating.
  • Excessive drooling or problems with swallowing.

Symptoms related to developmental issues are: 

  • Delays in reaching motor skills milestones, such as sitting up or crawling.
  • Learning difficulties.
  • Intellectual disabilities.
  • Delayed growth, resulting in a smaller size than would be expected.

Damage to the brain can contribute to other neurological problems, such as:

  • Seizures (epilepsy).
  • Difficulty in hearing.
  • Problems with vision and abnormal eye movements.
  • Abnormal touch or pain sensations.
  • Bladder and bowel problems, including constipation and urine control.
  • Mental health conditions, such as emotional disorders and behavioural problems.

What are the different types of Cerebral Palsy?

Based on mobility limitations and affected body parts, the CP can be differentiated into the following types. Moreover,  each type can vary in severity, symptoms, and treatment.