Colon cancer is no longer a word to be feared or the full stop in your life story. With the right approach, colon cancer can be prevented, treated and eliminated. With this assurance, colon cancer can be tacked effectively without the fear of re-occurrence.
Colon cancer treatment in India is a holistic approach because of the presence of ‘tumour board’ which is a dedicated team of best oncologist, specialists and doctors who are committed to provide very personalized treatment plan for successful outcomes. With MedicoExperts, you can be assured of being directed to the right oncologist, most appropriate cancer facility with latest infrastructure and cost-efficiency. Through our years of experience and patient data, we can assure you increased life-expectancy and improvement in the overall quality of life.
Majority of cases of colon cancer begin as small and non-cancerous clumps of the adenomatous cells (polyps). Those polyps develop into colon cancers after a certain period of time.
The best treatment protocol to choose from depends on a number of factors including tumour size, stage, overall health of the patient, and whether the cancer has spread or not.
The primary approach to treating colon cancer is surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. However, newer approaches are offering better prospects and outcomes for cancer patients.
The best colon cancer treatment in India is a perfect blend that brings about successful outcomes.
In the current scenario, the medical facilities and the oncologist in India are regarded to be the best in the world, which is making India a preferred destination for colon cancer treatment. Another major contributing factor is the affordable cost of the procedure. With top-notch infrastructure and highly skilled cancer specialists, the cost of the procedure is well within one’s budget. Hence, patients from across the globe seeking treatment for complexities choose to travel to India.
A pre-surgery evaluation is done to precisely determine, the cost of cancer treatment in India, the condition of the patient and to propose a well-suited treatment plan. The cost for cancer evaluation in India starts from 500 USD. A basic pet scan in India costs between USD 306 – 348 (INR 22,000 – 25,000).
The primary approach for treating colon cancer is surgery. Cost of polypectomy or removal of polyps is between 2800 – 4500 USD. Colectomy or removal of part/whole colon costs between 3000 – 5000 USD. The cost for chemotherapy in India ranges between USD 500 – 1000 for one cycle.
Colon and rectum cancers are collectively known as colorectal cancer as these cancers develop from the same type of cell and have quite a few similarities. Sometimes the cells lining the colon or rectum may become abnormal and divide quickly. These cells may develop non-cancerous (benign) tumours or growths known as polyps. While not all polyps develop into colorectal cancer, colorectal cancer develops almost always from a polyp.
Over many years, cells in a polyp may undergo a series of changes in DNA that cause them to become malignant (cancerous). Such cancer cells are initially located on the surface of a polyp but can expand into the wall of the colon or rectum, where they can enter the blood and lymph vessels. Once this happens, the cancer can spread to lymph nodes and other organs such as the liver or lungs — this process is called metastasis, and metastasis is tumours found in distant organs.
The primary goal of surgery is to remove the parts of the colon or rectum with or without the surrounding lymph nodes which are affected by cancer. The types of surgeries performed for colon cancer are as follows:
• Polypectomy (colonoscopy for polyps’ removal)
The surgical removal of polyps from the large intestine or colon is known as polypectomy. If your cancer is small, localized, fully contained within a polyp and at a very early stage, it may be completely removed during a colonoscopy by your doctor.
• Endoscopic mucosal resection
Bigger polyps may be eliminated during colonoscopy utilizing special tools in a technique called an endoscopic mucosal resection to remove the polyp and a small amount of the colon’s inner lining.
• Bowel diversion surgery
Bowel diversion surgery allows the stool to leave the body safely when the large intestine is removed or it needs time to heal. Bowel is a general term for any part of the intestine, small or big. Some procedures of bowel diversion (those called ostomy surgery) divert the intestine to an opening in the abdomen where a stoma is made. Attached to the stoma is an ostomy pouch, and worn outside the body to collect stool. Often the ostomy is only momentary, permitting for healing of your colon or rectum after surgery.
Through the intervention of robotic surgery, the surgeon can perform colon resection, rectal resection and rectopexy with improved 3D visualization and manoeuvrability in difficult to access pelvic spaces with smaller and lesser incisions. Additionally, the improved field of view provided with robotic surgery helps the surgeon minimize trauma to important nerves which enhances the preservation of important life considerations such as urinary and sexual function.
The use of drugs to destroy the cancer cells is known as chemotherapy. For colon cancer, chemotherapy is suggested after surgery if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or if it is large. This helps kill any remaining cancer cells in the body and also lessen the risk of reoccurrence. In some cases, chemotherapy is also used before the surgery to shrink the size of the tumour, which helps for easy removal through surgery. Chemotherapy also helps relieve the symptoms of colon cancer. In many cases, chemotherapy is used in conjecture with other treatment protocols like radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy, surgery, etc.
The use of powerful beams of energy sources such as x-rays and proton beams to destroy the cancer cells is- known as radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is employed before a surgery to shrink the cancer or to relieve the symptoms when surgery is not an option. For better results, radiation therapy is combined with chemotherapy.
The use of targeted drug therapy is usually reserved for patients with advanced colon cancer. Targeted drug treatments concentrate on unique abnormalities within cancer cells. Targeted drug treatments can cause cancer cells to die by blocking those abnormalities.
Immunotherapy is the use of medical drug that enables the immune system to combat cancer. The disease-fighting immune system of your body may not combat your cancer, as the cancer cells release proteins that prevent the cells of the immune system from recognizing the cancer cells. Immunotherapy works by disrupting that process. A sample for the cancer cells will be evaluated to understand whether this treatment can be effective. Moreover, immunotherapy is usually reserved for advanced colon cancer cases.
Success Rate of Colon Cancer Treatment in India
Thanks to the availability of ‘tumour board’ the success rate of colon cancer treatment in India is about 80-95 per cent, especially in the initial stages of colon cancer. Chemotherapy is credited to increase the survival rates of patients with stage II, III and IV cancer. The survival rate of colon cancer depends on various factors, especially on stage of the cancer. Moreover, the expert oncologists and colon cancer specialist in India work towards increasing the life expectancy of the patient and helping them improve their quality of life.
Frequently Asked Questions and patient concerns:
1. What causes colon cancer?
There are no concrete causes for colon cancer. However, in general colon cancer is caused when healthy cells undergo mutation. Polyps or abnormal cells accumulation in the colon have the potential to turn cancerous when untreated. Heredity genetic mutation which passes from parent to child is also accounted to put the patient at risk for colon cancer.
2. How common is colon cancer?
Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer among men in the United States, after skin, prostate and lung cancer. It is also the fourth most common female cancer, after skin, breast and lung cancer.
3. What are certain colon cancer risk factors?
A risk factor is something which increases your chances of becoming ill. Having a risk factor doesn’t mean you are definitely going to get an illness. Some risk factors may be avoided through changes in lifestyle and some may not. Certain colon cancer risk factors include:
- Older individuals, i.e. 50 years and above
- History of polyps or colon cancer in the family
- Type 2 diabetes
- Had inflammatory bowel disease in the past
- Certain inherited genetic syndromes
- Consumption of diet high in fat and/or low in calcium or fibre
- Excessive weight / obesity
- Consumption of alcohol
- Little or no physical activity
4. What are polyps?
TA polyp is a clump of cells forming on colon lining. Most polyps are not harmful but some can develop into cancer of the colon. Colonoscopies may help in detecting pre-cancerous polyps.
5. How can one diagnose colon cancer?
Doctors use a wide number of tools and strategies for diagnosing colon cancer which include:
- Pressing on the abdomen or noticing irregularities inside the rectum
- Blood and stool tests
- CAT scans, PET scans, endoscopy, x-rays, MRI and ultrasound
6. What is colonoscopy and why is it important?
A colonoscopy is a medical test that checks the rectum and lower intestine for abnormalities and illnesses.
Colon cancer is often avoidable and can be treated. Colonoscopies can help doctors find and remove colon polyps – sometimes before they become cancerous. Regular colonoscopies are recommended for individuals aged 50 or older, especially those at a higher risk.
7. Can colon can be prevented? How?
Timely screening is the first step for early detection. Individuals above the age of 50 and those who are at risk above the age of 45 should undergo routine screening.
There are many screening choices, including colonoscopy, and flexible sigmoidoscopy. If you are at a high risk for colon cancer, more regular and earlier screening is recommended. Remember that in the same procedure, these procedures not only detect cancer but can prevent it by removing any tissue that might potentially become cancer.
MedicoExperts is a Global virtual hospital which is established to offer quality healthcare services at affordable pricing without compromising the success rates of the treatment. MedicoExperts is having a network of highly experienced super specialist doctors and well equipped hospitals across the globe and offering second opinion through online video consultation and surgical interventions through its empanelled super specialist doctors at its network hospitals in 17 countries from 3 continents.
By the virtue of its approach and model, MedicoExperts is successfully achieve to deliver
- Latest and most advanced treatments with success rates of international benchmarks.
- Multiple cost options depending upon the hospital facilities, with the same doctor.
- Treatment option in multiple cities/state/countries.
- Trust and peace of mind.
Most suitable for patients who are looking for:-
- Planned Surgeries and treatment from most experienced doctors and at multiple cost options as per hospital facilities with best possible outcomes.
- Second Opinion from expert doctors.
- Complex cases involving multi specialities
- International patients looking for treatment from Indian doctors