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Muscular Dystrophy

Advanced & Effective Muscular Dystrophy Treatment in India

Are you worried that muscular dystrophy will stop your child from living a self-reliant life?

We understand that you may be fearing that the disease will impact your child’s mobility and overall health. You may also worry about their emotional well-being and social life. 

However, stem cell therapy can be an effective Muscular dystrophy treatment in India for your child, which will give them independence and a healthy and active life.

India’s advanced medical infrastructure and the pool of super-specialized doctors are making effective muscular dystrophy treatment possible. 

Let’s first learn in detail about muscular dystrophy and how stem cell therapy helps with it.

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Key Takeaways - Muscular Dystrophy Treatment in India

Key Takeaways

  • Understand what muscular dystrophy is and learn about the different types.
  • Learn about the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis process of MD.
  • Learn about the conventional and advanced treatment options for it. 
  • Understand the advanced treatments like stem cell therapy and how they effectively treat the disease.
  • Learn about the cost of treatment of muscular dystrophy and success rate in India.

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What is Muscular Dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a neuromuscular (related to both nerve and muscles) disorder that constantly damages healthy muscles making them weak and wasted. This disease is a form of congenital abnormality due to the mutation of genes.

Your muscles and membranes need many different proteins to be strong and function properly. These proteins are supplied to your body from the food you eat, but proteins like dystrophin are created by your own body.

This information regarding the production as well as the amount of protein is being passed on, by our genetic makeup. Due to gene mutation, wrong information is passed from one generation to another generation, and as a result, these important proteins are not produced or produced in very low quantities.

Without these proteins, your muscles lose their structural and functional integrity slowly which may affect the overall normal functioning of your body.

There are different types of muscular dystrophy. Let’s learn about them.

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What are the different types of Muscular Dystrophy?

Depending on the damaged gene, the site where the gene is located, and the symptoms, muscular dystrophies are divided into various types. Some of the major forms of Muscular Dystrophy are as follows:

DMD is the most common type of Muscular dystrophy and it usually affects boys. it’s because it is caused by a gene located in the x chromosome and males have only one x chromosome in their gene (males have XY chromosomes and females have XX chromosomes). 

If your child has DMD, you will see the symptoms during 2-3 years of age.  The child becomes wheelchair-bound at the age of 12 years. This involves the weakness of major involuntary muscles, such as the heart and lungs.

In DMD, the arms, legs, and spine become deformed slowly. There can be cognitive issues, too. 

Learn more about DMD here.

EDMD is a very rare form of MD, typically observed in late childhood to early teens. If you or your child has this muscular dystrophy, you will notice wasting muscles, weakness, and joint deformities. Cardiac arrest can occur in severe cases. 

EDMD affects the muscles of your upper arms, shoulder, and lower legs. 

Learn more about EDMD here.

LMD is a type of muscular dystrophy, that affects both boys and girls. It usually starts in late childhood to middle age. You will know that your child has LMD if they have a loss of muscle in the shoulders, upper arms, around the thighs, and hips.

Learn more about LMD here.

MMD is a type of Muscular Dystrophy in which muscle relaxation can cause problems. It is common in teens. The other symptoms of MMD include muscle weakness, wasting, cataracts, and heart problems.

It affects the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, heart, eyes, and glands that produce hormones. 

Learn more about MMD here.

FMD is a type of Muscular Dystrophy that occurs in both men and women but it is more common in men. If your child has FMD, you will see that your child sleeps with their eyes slightly open, an inability to squeeze their eyes tightly, and an issue in bringing their lips together.

Learn more about FMD here.

What are the causes of Muscular Dystrophy?

You should keep in mind that genetic problems that affect certain proteins in your body are behind muscular dystrophy. These proteins are parts of a group called Dystrophic Sarcoglycan Complex (DSC) and they are important to maintain your muscle health and to keep them strong. 

When these proteins are missing from your body or they are not working properly, the walls of your muscle cells become weak. They become so weak that even everyday activities can damage them and break them down. As a result, they die. 

If these cells die continuously, it makes your muscles weak and leads to muscle dystrophy. Along with the muscles of your body, the muscles of cell walls are also affected. This hampers the blood supply to your muscles causing more damage. 

DCG is also present in various non-muscular tissues like nerves, kidneys, and spleen cells. That is why muscular dystrophies may also show some neurological symptoms.

What are the causes of Muscular Dystrophy?
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What are the symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy?

It may be difficult to diagnose MD early because, in most cases, children, who have this disease, develop normally in their early years. 

Slowly and gradually they start facing problems in activities like climbing stairs, walking on their toes, getting up from the sitting position, etc.

Mostly a child with MD often develops enlarged calf muscles due to fat replacements.

Some of the important muscular dystrophy symptoms are:

  • Fatigue & muscle weakness.
  • Mental retardation (possible but does not worsen over time).
  • Difficulty with motor skills like running, hopping, and jumping.
  • Difficulty in walking.

If you see any of these symptoms in your child or yourself, immediately approach a neurologist for an accurate diagnosis.

How is Muscular Dystrophy diagnosed?

Doctors use different methods to diagnose muscular dystrophy. You should also remember that diagnosis can happen at any age depending on when the symptoms start to show. 

Your doctor may recommend you or your child the following diagnostic tests:

  • The doctor may investigate whether you or your child has symptoms of muscle dystrophy.