Beat cancer with immunotherapy in India
Do you know you can train your immune system to fight even cancer cells with Immunotherapy in India?
The treatments of cancers are focussed on removing fast-growing cancerous cells and tissue. Be it surgery or chemotherapy or radiation therapy. The focus is on removing the cancerous tissues and cells from the body. However, the possibility of relapse is always there.
However, if we can make our immune system strong enough or train the immune system to fight the cancerous cell, the body will learn to fight on its own.
This is precisely the direction where new cancer treatment advancements are focussed upon.
If your immune system is ready to recognise and fight the cancer cells, your immune system, which is the biggest defense mechanism of the body, can kill the specific cells very precisely without harming the normal cells.
The side effects of Cancer treatments will fade away, the trauma of surgery followed by chemotherapy or Radiotherapy will go away. The probability of relapse of cancer will also be minimized.
The therapy which can achieve this is called immunotherapy. The researchers are continuously evolving this therapy for consistent results and wider applications.
Though the research is ongoing, the oncologists have started using it in select cancer conditions and in combination with other therapies. When all the treatment options for cancer patients are exhausted, doctors today count on immunotherapy in India to extend the longevity of life, and they are successful as well.
Let’s understand the experience of Norris from cape town, South Africa
Norris is a 52-year-old civil engineer, father of two children, and husband of a caring wife.
Three years ago, Norris was having difficulty breathing for some days and getting a cough which was not controllable with the prescribed medications. Norris also started feeling restless because of the continuous cough. One day Noris spitted the blood while he was coughing.
Noticing the blood, Norris’s wife Martha got concerned about her husband’s health and booked the appointment with the pulmonologist.
The doctor examined Norris and suggested a chest X-ray and sputum test. The next day reports came and the doctor suspected a trace of cancer and subsequent investigations confirmed that. Norris was diagnosed with stage 3 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Norris started his treatment in cape town and pretty soon he exhausted all the treatment options but was not able to control his cancer. His doctor had given a life expectancy of a maximum of six months.
Norris’s wife and children were shocked and shattered. Collecting all their courage, they started searching for advanced treatment. While researching they came across the MedicoExperts website and read the information on advanced treatment for lung cancer treatment with the highest survival rates using the tumor board approach. Martha filled out the inquiry form
After receiving the inquiry MedicoExperts patient care department got in touch with Martha. Martha forwarded her husband’s reports, after receiving the reports MedicoExperts arranged the online video consultation with one of its senior-most empanelled oncologist. The doctor explained the treatment options and approach and cleared all the doubts of Martha and Norris during the consultation.
After understanding the treatment protocol, Norris and Martha decided to come to India for the treatment.
After one week they came to India, on the same day Norris was admitted to the hospital and a pre-evaluation investigation was performed to check the current condition of cancer. The tumor board examined the reports and decided to go for immunotherapy in India.
Immunotherapy was started immediately. Norris responded very well to the treatment. After a two-month test was re-conducted and reports revealed that the tumor had shrunk.
Norris and Martha were very much happy with the progress and completed the therapy.
At the time of writing this article, i.e. two years after the treatment, Norris was living a happy and productive life.
This could be your story as well.
The immune system consists of several organs, antibodies (proteins), and immune cells that work together to fight disease and infections.
Immune cells consist of:
- B-cell lymphocytes: These white blood cells produce antibodies that fight infections.
- T-cell lymphocytes: These white blood cells go after diseased cells and kill them. T-cells also signal the presence of diseased or foreign cells to other cells.
- Dendritic cells: To stimulate an immune response, these immune cells interact with T-cells.
- Granulocytes: Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils are white blood cells that fight infections.
Now, Let’s understand what immunotherapy is.
Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment in which your immune system is used to fight the disease. Sometimes it is also called Biological therapy.
Immunotherapy can help the immune system find and attack cancer cells by boosting or changing how the immune system recognizes the cancer cells.
Let’s understand how immunotherapy works.
Cytokines are protein molecules produced by immune cells that act on other cells. Large amounts of these proteins are introduced into the body during immunotherapy.
The procedure is :
- Increases the production of disease-fighting immune cells by stimulating the immune system.
- Assist the immune system in identifying and attacking cancer cells.
Let’s understand what to expect before and during the immunotherapy treatment
What are the types of immunotherapy?
Following are the different types of immunotherapy that are used to treat cancer.
Drugs that block immune checkpoints are known as immune checkpoint inhibitors. These checkpoints are a normal part of the immune system that prevents overactive immune responses. These drugs block them, allowing immune cells to respond more forcefully to cancer.
T-cell transfer therapy is a treatment that enhances your T cells’ natural ability to fight cancer.
Immune cells from your tumor are taken in this treatment. Those that are most effective in fighting cancer are chosen or modified in the lab to better attack cancer cells, grown in large batches, and injected back into your body through a vein needle.
Adoptive cell therapy, adoptive immunotherapy, and immune cell therapy are all terms used to describe T-cell transfer therapy.
Monoclonal antibodies are immune system proteins that have been designed in the lab to bind to specific targets on cancer cells.
Some monoclonal antibodies label cancer cells to help the immune system recognize and destroy them.
Therapeutic antibodies are another name for monoclonal antibodies.
Treatment vaccines boost your immune system’s response to cancer cells, which helps you fight cancer.
Modulators of the immune system that boost the body’s ability to fight cancer. Some of these agents target specific parts of the immune system, while others have a broader impact on the immune system.
Let’s now understand the advantages of immunotherapy treatment.
What are the advantages of immunotherapy treatment?
There are several reasons why your doctor may recommend immunotherapy to you. The main advantages are as follows.
- Immunotherapy may be effective when other treatments have failed: Some cancers (such as skin cancer) do not respond well to radiation or chemotherapy, but after immunotherapy, they begin to fade away.
- It improves the effectiveness of other cancer treatments: In some cases, doctors prescribe immunotherapy to increase the effectiveness of conventional treatments such as chemotherapy.
- It has lesser side effects than other treatments: This is because it only affects your immune system and not all of your body’s cells.
- It’s possible that your cancer won’t come back: Your immune system learns to go after cancer cells if they reappear after immunotherapy. This is known as immune memory, and it may help you avoid cancer for longer.
What are the side effects of immunotherapy?
Immunotherapy side effects vary depending on the drug and the type of cancer.
- Infusion-related reactions.
- Diarrhea or colitis
- Bone or muscle pain
- Flu-like symptoms
- Loss of appetite
- Mouth sores
- Skin rash
- Shortness of breath
What kind of cancer can be treated with immunotherapy?
Immunotherapy in India for cancer is used to treat various cancers some of them were:
- Kidney cancer, liver cancer, and lung cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Brain cancer (brain tumor)
- Breast cancer
- Cervical cancer and ovarian cancer
- Colorectal (colon) cancer
- Head and neck cancer
- Skin cancer
Who is a good candidate for immunotherapy?
Immunotherapy eligibility is determined by the type and stage of your cancer, biomarkers expressed by your cancer, and whether current cancer treatment guidelines and data support immunotherapy in certain situations.
If you have any of the following symptoms, you may be a candidate for immunotherapy in India:
- Your cancer has progressed.
- You have non-small cell lung cancer, which is most likely metastatic or advanced. Patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer who respond to immunotherapy live longer than those who do not receive immunotherapy, according to studies.
- Immunotherapy may be used to lower the risk of relapse in people who have had their non-metastatic cancer cured. Lung cancer and some melanomas are more prone to this.
- In genomic testing, if biomarkers are positive for PD-L1 expression, high microsatellite instability, or high tumor mutational burden.
Immunotherapy may also be used in conjunction with chemotherapy, depending on the type of cancer.
Cost of immunotherapy in India
In India, the average cost of immunotherapy for a single cycle ranges from 1 lakh to 1.5 lakhs. A cancer patient usually requires 3 – 4 cycles.
However other factors that can impact on the cost of immunotherapy were patient age, health condition, type of tumor, and stage of cancer.
Frequently asked questions and patient concerns:
Q1. How is immunotherapy different from chemotherapy?
Ans: Chemotherapy targets rapidly dividing cancer cells directly, but it can also harm other rapidly dividing cells, including normal cells. The treatment takes effect right away. Chemotherapy shows its effects immediately, on the other hand, The effects last as long as the treatment is continued.
Immunotherapy works by boosting the immune system’s response or teaching it to recognize and destroy cancer cells. Immunotherapy may take longer to work, but once it does, the effects can last for a long time.
Q2. How do you know if immunotherapy is effective?
Ans: Your doctor will see you frequently. The doctor will examine you physically and inquire about your health. Medical tests, such as blood tests and various types of scans, will be performed on you. These tests will look for changes in your blood work and measure the size of your tumor.
Q3. How is immunotherapy given?
Ans: Different types of immunotherapy can be given in various ways. Among them are:
- Intravenous (IV): Immunotherapy is injected directly into a vein.
- Oral: The immunotherapy is taken in the form of pills or capsules.
- Topical: Immunotherapy comes in the form of a cream that you apply to your skin. This type of immunotherapy can be used to treat skin cancer in its early stages.
- Intravesical: Immunotherapy is delivered directly to the bladder.
Q4. How is immunotherapy administered?
Ans: Patients usually receive immunotherapy infusions through a port or intravenous therapy (IV) at an outpatient oncology center. The dosage and frequency are governed by the doctor. Intervals between treatments can range from two to four weeks.
Q5. How effective is immunotherapy for cancer?
Ans: Individual factors, such as cancer type and stage, influence the success rates of any cancer treatment, including immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is generally effective against a wide range of cancers.
While some cancers are more immunogenic than others. Immunotherapy, unlike chemotherapy or radiation, can produce long-lasting responses, but only about 25% of patients experience them.
Q6. Why is Immunotherapy not a first line of treatment?
Ans: Immunotherapy is a new way to treat cancer and is still evolving. That’s the reason doctors prefer the other options which have more scientific data to treat cancer as the first line of treatment. However, Doctors have started using immunotherapy in combination and also when the other treatments options are exhausted.
MedicoExperts is a Global virtual hospital which is established to offer quality healthcare services at affordable pricing without compromising the success rates of the treatment.
MedicoExperts is having a network of highly experienced super specialist doctors and well equipped hospitals across the globe and offering second opinion through online video consultation and surgical interventions through its empanelled super specialist doctors at its network hospitals in 17 countries from 3 continents.
By the virtue of its approach and model, MedicoExperts is successfully achieve to deliver
- Latest and most advanced treatments with success rates of international benchmarks.
- Multiple cost options depending upon the hospital facilities, with the same doctor.
- Treatment option in multiple cities/state/countries.
- Trust and peace of mind.
Most suitable for patients who are looking for:-
- Planned Surgeries and treatment from most experienced doctors and at multiple cost options as per hospital facilities with best possible outcomes.
- Second Opinion from expert doctors.
- Complex cases involving multi specialities
- International patients looking for treatment from Indian doctors