Bone marrow transplant is the most commonly preferred treatment option for bone marrow disease and blood cancers. A bone marrow transplant in India or other countries helps treat immune system disorders or genetic diseases. A comprehensive impression of the types of diseases treated by bone marrow transplant provides better insights into its significance.
Furthermore, new developments have also increased survival rates while reducing bone marrow transplant cost in India and other countries. However, it is also important to focus on verifying the patient’s condition and medical evaluation by experts before opting for the procedure.
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What is Bone Marrow Transplant?
Medical technology has been through many crucial transformations over the years. The new advancements continue to bring new forms of treatments while giving new hopes for a better life to people worldwide. Bone marrow transplant in India or any other region in the world is one example of life-saving medical procedures. The bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue that you can find inside the bones. It serves as the main site of production for most of our body’s blood cells and stores them.
The blood cells produced in the bone marrow are known as stem cells, and they help make other blood cells. At the most basic level, stem cells are known as pluripotent stem cells and have different properties than other blood cells. They can reproduce another cell and can create one or more subsets of cells with better maturity.
Stem cells serve as the major requirement for bone marrow transplant. In the following discussion, we shall discover the reasons for which bone marrow transplant is required. We shall also find out the factors that make an individual eligible for a bone marrow transplant.
Importance of Bone Marrow Transplant
Before looking into the reasons to look for best bone marrow transplant in India, let us reflect on BMT’s existing market. Latest research indicates that the worldwide BMT market would most possibly cross the USD 12 billion mark by the end of 2028. The number indicates an overall growth rate of 3.6% of the market value in 2018. The most prominent factors that will drive the bone marrow transplantation market’s growth include ease of access to treatment and better survival rates. Now, let us take a look at the different reasons for which bone marrow transplant is required.
One of the foremost aspects everyone should look into before looking for best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India is why you should undergo a bone marrow transplant. Bone marrow transplant or BMT is a suitable medical procedure for curing various types of diseases and different cancer types.
Generally, higher doses of radiation or chemotherapy for curing cancer can result in permanent damage to bone marrow stem cells. In such cases, BMT procedure becomes a suitable alternative. Also, BMT may be suitable for cases in which a disease has destroyed the bone marrow. Let us take a look at some of the common applications of bone marrow transplant as follows.
- Regeneration of a rejuvenated immune system for fighting residual or existing leukemia or other forms of cancer that don’t go away with chemotherapy or radiation
- Replacement of disease-affected, non-functional bone marrow with healthy bone marrow in conditions like sickle cell anemia, leukemia, or aplastic anemia
- Replacement of bone marrow with healthy bone marrow to prevent damage from genetic diseases such as adrenoleukodystrophy or Hurler’s syndrome
- Replacement of bone marrow for restoring normal functioning after high chemotherapy or radiation doses for treating malignant conditions
Although bone marrow transplant has promising implications for improving life quality, it is reasonable to consult best bone marrow transplant doctors in India or any other location. Expert healthcare providers can weigh the pros and cons before recommending you for a bone marrow transplant procedure. Now, let us find out the type of ailments for which doctors can recommend a bone marrow transplant procedure.
Types of Diseases Cured by Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplant is considered a suitable treatment option for different types of diseases. It can treat many types of diseases such as lymphoma, leukemia, sickle cell anemia, and many other diseases. However, the advancements in bone marrow transplant procedures make it suitable for curing many other new diseases. Here is an outline of the different types of diseases cured with a bone marrow transplant.
Leukemia and Lymphoma
The most common types of leukemia and lymphoma that can be treated with bone marrow transplant include,
- Acute myelogenous leukemia
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
- Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
- Chronic myelogenous leukemia
- Hodgkin lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Inherited Immune System Disorders
Genetically inherited immune system disorders can also be treated with a bone marrow transplant. The common inherited immune system disorders that can be cured with bone marrow transplant are,
- Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
- All types of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)
Inherited Metabolic Disorders
Inherited metabolic disorders are genetic diseases that disrupt the normal metabolism of the human body. These diseases are common in newborn babies and toddlers and are very rare. A bone marrow transplant can help in treating the following inherited metabolic disorders,
- Hurler syndrome
- Metachromatic leukodystrophy
- Krabbe disease or GLD
- Adrenoleukodystrophy or ALD
Bone Marrow Diseases
Bone marrow transplant is the recommended treatment procedure for different bone marrow diseases and in conditions where the bone marrow loses functionality. Some of the common examples of such conditions include,
- Pure red cell aplasia
- Severe aplastic anemia
- Congenital thrombocytopenia
- Fanconi anemia
- Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria or PNH
Hemoglobinopathies refer to diseases in which the red blood cells don’t function normally. The common examples of hemoglobinopathies include the following,
- Sickle cell disease or SCD
- Beta thalassemia major
In addition to the conditions mentioned above, bone marrow transplant also helps cure plasma cell disorders and other types of malignant conditions or cancers. However, it is important to check your eligibility before looking for bone marrow transplant cost in India or other countries. So, let us determine the conditions for an individual’s eligibility for a bone marrow transplant procedure.
Are You Eligible for Bone Marrow Transplant?
Although many conditions directly point towards the need for a bone marrow transplant, experts have the final say. Only a competent healthcare team can help you decide on your eligibility for bone marrow transplantation. The evaluation process is crucial for determining whether a person is a candidate for a bone marrow transplant procedure. Healthcare experts in facilities for bone marrow transplant India and other countries would recommend the following tests for verifying eligibility.
- Comprehensive physical examination and evaluation of medical history of patient
- Imaging scans such as computed tomography or CT scans and chest X-rays
- Psychosocial tests
- Biopsy of the bone marrow
- Blood tests
- Tests for checking the functions of lungs, heart, and other organs
After a thorough evaluation of the patient’s condition based on tests mentioned above, doctors can recommend patients for a bone marrow transplant.
On a concluding note, you can note that bone marrow transplant is a lifesaving procedure. Most importantly, it helps to cure different types of cancers, thereby presenting promising treatment opportunities for many patients. However, it is also important to note the significance of professional and experienced medical help required for bone marrow transplants.
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