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What is Neurosurgery and Latest Techniques used for Neurosurgeries


The following article is based upon the knowledge shared by a well-known neurosurgeon Dr. Rajan Shah to MedicoExperts. The entire discussion or interview is based on neurosurgery and its detailed aspects. Here is the textual form of the enlightening knowledge received about neurosurgery.

What is Neurosurgery?

Neurosurgery is surgery related to the nervous system. It involves the brain, spine, and peripheral nerves.

What is the Difference Between a Neurosurgeon and a Spine Specialist?

There is a potential difference between spine specialists and neurosurgeons. The spinal cord is a part of the nervous tissue, but it is contained within the spinal column. The spinal column is termed to be as a bone. There is a necessity to combine the roles of both neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons.

Most orthopedic surgeons have now decided to take up responsibilities of specific bone-oriented treatment. Therefore, the neurosurgeons of today are specified to take care of the spinal cord, and the orthopedic or spine specialist takes care of the spinal column.

But, both professionals come together for selected medical instances to offer an adequate cure to the patient.

What is the Difference Between a Neurosurgeon and a Neurologist?

A neurologist is a physician who looks after the nervous tissue. Any disease that needs surgery is handled by neurosurgeons. But, the conditions such as immunological dysfunctions, infections of nervous tissue, degeneration of nervous tissue, and other conditions are attended by neurologists.

What are the Common Medical Condition for Neurosurgery?

The common conditions of all that puts up the demand for neurosurgery are:

  • Brain tumors
  • Brain hemorrhage
  • Infections in brain
  • Mental Trauma

As per Dr. Rajan Shah, mental trauma is considered to be the most common neurological condition that gives rise to neurosurgical treatment.

What are the Latest Techniques used for Neurosurgeries?

In Neurosurgery, there are quite different approaches for conducting the treatment.

  • Using a microscope and navigation system– This allows doctors to reach the region of interest within the brain. The treatment is conducted with precision by carrying out a small incision in the cranium or skull. It helps the doctors to reach the tumor area or detect the vascular pathology.

  • Magnification of microscope with illumination– It helps the doctors to dissect out the tissue and reach the area of interest. There is a minimal incision around the region to ensure that the brain is not damaged unnecessarily by any small alteration caused to the surrounding tissues or nerves. Every part of the brain has some functions to perform, so the doctors can’t afford to damage any part of it apart from the regions that are absolutely necessary for the said surgery.


This was a brief insight into what Dr. Rajan Shah conveyed to MedicoExperts about Neurosurgery. It gave a clear insight into different conditions and approaches that doctors are currently using to carry out neurosurgical operations.

There were some common conflicts, based upon differences, that have been attended in this discussion as well. So, you can conclude that neurosurgery treatment is being carried out with skillful measures and a high success rate.

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Doctor Speaks

Dr Rajan Shah

Dr. Rajan Shah

MBBS, MS – General Surgery, MCh – Neuro Surgery

Head and Director, Dept. of Neurosurgery

Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital, Mumbai

Author: Dr Rajan Shah

MBBS, MS – General Surgery, MCh – Neuro Surgery Head and Director, Dept. of Neurosurgery Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital, Mumbai

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