“The warning signs of prostate cancer differs with disease stage, individual’s health profile and other organs adjacent to the gland. Not all signs may indicate a cancer and one must consult the doctor before landing to a conclusion, as some other medical conditions also results in similar symptoms. Careful analysis of any warning sign is must to confirm prostate cancer.”
Prostate gland cancer is one of the most common types of cancer faced by males. In early stage prostate cancer not always results in clear signs, but some symptoms can indicate some issue with the prostate gland.
There are three main stages of prostate cancer and subsequent warning signs including early warning symptoms of prostate cancer, signs of advanced prostate cancer, and signs of recurrent prostate cancer.
What are the early symptoms of prostate cancer?
Due to close proximity of prostate gland with urethra and bladder, the cancer of prostate can induce several urinary symptoms as early warning signs. Based on the site and size of the tumor, it may restrict the urine flow by pressing the urethra. Few signs of early stage prostate cancer may comprise:
- Blood in semen
- Frequent urination in the night
- Painful ejaculation
- No control on bladder
- Blood in urine
- Pain or burning sensation during urination
- Erectile dysfunction
- Difficulty in urinating
- Reduced flow of urine
- Discomfort while sitting, due to enlarged prostate
Signs of advanced prostate cancer
Advanced stage or metastatic prostate cancer can spread and develop tumors in adjacent bones in organs. If disease spreads to the spine, this can damage spinal nerves. Some symptoms of advanced prostate cancer are:
- Persistent pain in bones, which could result in fractures
- Pain or numbness in feet, legs or hips
- Swelling in pelvic region or legs
- Swelling or fluid buildup in the legs or feet
- Unexplained weight loss
- Change in bowel habits
However the signs of prostate gland cancer sometimes differ from individual to individual.
One of the most common symptoms of recurrent prostate gland cancer is increased levels of PSA in bloodstream, hence regular PSA screening in blood is important to monitor the treatment progress and detect any recurrence sign. In case a patient experience any signs, he should report to the doctor immediately.
Signs of recurrent prostate cancer
Recurrent prostate cancer refers reversal of the disease after complete treatment. If the cancer is contained within the gland it is called as local recurrence, but if it spreads to other parts also then classified as metastatic recurrence. Metastatic prostate gland cancer often spreads to the lungs, bones and liver.
After receiving the treatment for prostate gland cancer, the levels of PSA in bloodstream drop considerably. Any increase in PSA levels is the first symptoms of recurrent prostate gland cancer, while other signs depend on the spread sites. These signs may include:
- Difficulty urinating
- Lower back pain
- Blood in the urine
- Difficulty breathing
*Sometimes prostate gland’s noncancerous conditions, such as enlarged prostate or BPH, may cause similar signs. Also other medical condition may results in similar signs, and not necessarily linked to cancer. Some urinary signs may be induced by bladder or other infections.
Treatment options for prostate cancer
If a person is diagnosed with cancer, relieving signs are regarded as important element of cancer treatment and care known as supportive or palliative care. Supportive care begins immediately after the diagnosis and continues along with the treatment therapy.
Various treatment alternatives for prostate gland cancer comprise:
- Radiation therapy
- Clinical trials
- Hormone therapy
Palliative or supportive care services for prostate gland cancer patients can include:
- Nutritional support
- Spiritual support
- Pain management
- Mind-body support
Prostate cancer treatment in India
India could be the destination for your prostate cancer treatment, which not only offers advanced treatment alternatives but also world class medical infrastructure and expert surgeons that too at an affordable price. In the recent past, India has become a globally recognized, low-priced medial tourism destination with high quality standards of medical care. People from across the World visit India as their preferred location to seek treatment for complex surgeries.
Prostate cancer treatments including surgery and prostatectomy are fast developing in India along with the increasing patients for this deadly disorder. The medical infrastructure in India is at par with its western counterparts comprising of advance surgical instruments and trained surgeons specializing in prostate cancer.
- The average price of prostate cancer procedure varies from individual to individual that depend on a person’s overall health and disease profile such as hypertension, diabetes, age etc. Cost of prostate cancer surgery in India is around US$ 5,000, which includes diagnosis and price of the procedure.
- The cost of robot-assisted prostatectomy surgery begins from US$ 6,500 in India, which could vary with choice of the hospital, doctor and other parameters.
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