Angioplasty also called as Coronary Angioplasty or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, is a minimally invasive non surgical procedure used to open obstructed coronary heart arteries which restores the blood flow to the heart.
The Heart is a muscular organ which is located between the lungs, is the core of circulatory system that pumps blood into the blood vessels which it takes to the different parts of our body.
The coronary arteries provide oxygenated blood to the heart. If any of the coronary arteries gets blocked or narrowed due to fatty deposits, then the flow of the oxygen rich blood becomes slow or gets blocked which results into the fatty deposits amass over time and the arteries coagulate. This can result in a condition called Coronary Atherosclerosis, blocked arteries, which can lead to chest pain or even a stroke, or a heart attack.
Angioplasty is habitually consolidate with the permanent placement of small expandable wire mesh tube called a stent to facilitate the artery open and reduce its possibility of narrowing again.
Following are the signs and symptoms of Coronary Atherosclerosis:
Depending on the causes mentioned above, the cardiologist may recommend any of the following types of angioplasty 9
Balloon angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure. In this procedure, a specially designed tiny balloon attached to a guidewire, is inserted into the contracted arteries to compress the fatty deposits which will restore blood flow to the heart.
Stents are small and expandable mesh metal tubes to enlarge narrow arteries and to avoid them from closing again. Stenting is frequently merged with ballooning angioplasty for enduring results, and thus prevents the problem of restenosis of the dilated artery. One, because they do not allow the balloon to collapse inside the artery and second, modern stents are medicine coated stents or drug releasing stents which reduce the rate of in-stent restenosis.
Rotablation is done when the fatty Deposits are too rigid to be cut or transverse by balloon or stents. A special guide wire is passed till the spot of stenosis followed by a drill powered by compressed air is moved on at a speed of around 140,000 to 160,000 rpm. The process of drilling cuts the fatty deposits into small particles which are removed from the body naturally. This can be done followed by normal angioplasty(ballooning and stent placement).
Angioplasty is performed while you are conscious, under local anesthesia with sedation in a cardiac cath lab. Sometimes this will make you uncomfortable, but not usually painful. The cardiac surgeon makes a small incision in the groin or arm and inserts a thin tube, called a catheter, into the coronary artery. The catheter contains a small balloon and a small wire tube, called a stent. Once the catheter is positioned, a dye is injected and X-rays are taken, which tell the surgeon where exactly the blockages are and how narrow the artery is. This procedure is also known as an angiogram and it acts as a map for the doctor.
Doctors will blow-up the balloon, releasing the stent and pushing it against the artery wall. Once the procedure is complete, the cells that lined up the blood vessel will grow around the stent, holding it in place. This procedure usually lasts up-to 30 minutes and can vary up to several hours. Sometimes, people will have to come again to get their arteries redone because of renarrowing (restenosis) at the site of balloon inflation.
Your physician would recommend you to undergo an angioplasty if:
By following the advice below, individuals can lead healthier lives and minimize the risk of heart disease.
The blood flow through narrowed and blocked arteries can be increased by Angioplasty. By doing exercise Angina gets decreased and Improves health. With appropriate changes in lifestyle and medications the improvement of health can be acquired. After a successful coronary angioplasty, no further surgery is usually necessary.
After having Angioplasty you will get discharge from the hospital in usually 12 to 24 hours after the catheter is removed. Lots of patients are able to return to work or routine life within a few days to a week after the procedure.
The cost of Angioplasty in India depends on the type of procedure, surgeon and the facility where you choose to get the surgery done. Enlisted below is the cost of Angioplasty in India.
|S No.||Name of Procedure||Cost in India (USD)|
|1||Evaluation Package||500 - 1000|
|2||Angioplasty Procedure Cost||3000 - 3500|
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1. What is Angioplasty?
Angioplasty is a form of minimally invasive technique used to unblock arteries and restore natural blood flow throughout the body to specific organs or tissues.
2. What is Cardiac Angioplasty?
Cardiac angioplasty is where a cardiologist or surgeon operates to unblock one or more arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood. Coronary artery disease is commonly referred to as the blockage of one or more arteries supplying the heart. Symptoms of chest pain and nausea or shortness of breath can be present in patients who require cardiac angioplasty.
3. What are the Benefits of Angioplasty?
Compared to open surgery, angioplasty is minimally invasive and is relatively low-risk and low-cost. There is no need for prolonged hospital stay as this procedure is done using moderate or no sedation, rather than using general anesthesia. In addition, a surgical incision is not necessary. There is no need for stitches or sutures since the operation is done through a slight puncture in the skin. Shortly afterwards, you will also be able to resume your usual activities.
4. What Can I Expect After Angioplasty?
Typically, recovery from angioplasty is quick, where many patients can go home approximately 12 to 24 hours after removal of the catheter. A few days to a week after the procedure, work can normally be resumed. At the site where the catheter was inserted, it is common to experience bruising, discoloration, or soreness. A small bump which should not grow in size could also be noticed.
5. How long does Angioplasty take?
Angioplasty is not an extensive time-consuming procedure. It takes up to 1 hour at most and for recovery, the patient needs another 12 to 16 hours. The patient generally stays in the hospital for a night and goes home the following day.
6. What is the difference between angiography and angioplasty?
Angioplasty is a surgical operation in which the blocked part of the artery is widened in order to improve the flow of blood. Angiography, on the other hand, is a surgical test performed to detect the areas of the coronary artery that are blocked.
7. Is Angioplasty done only for the heart?
Angioplasty can be performed to widen the blockage of many blood vessels in the body. When it is conducted on coronary blood vessels, it is referred to as coronary angioplasty. The method of unclogging blockage in other blood vessels is known as the carotid artery.