Blood cancer impacts the function and production of blood cells. Bone marrow, which is a fundamental part of the production of blood, is also the part where the blood cancer begins. Stem cells grow into three kinds of blood cells in your bone marrow: red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. In cancer, owing to the development of an abnormal type of blood cell, the blood production process is disrupted. There are mainly 3 types of blood cancer, namely, leukaemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
This cancer form is triggered by the rapid production in the bone marrow of abnormal blood cells. These abnormal blood cells influence the capacity of the bone marrow to make red blood cells and platelets.
This sort of blood cancer impacts the lymph system, which is accountable for removing your body's excess fluids and generating immune cells. Lymphocytes are a kind of white blood cell fighting against infection. In your lymph nodes and other tissues, abnormal lymphocytes become lymphoma cells that grow uncontrollably.
• Multiple myeloma
This form of blood cancer affects the plasma cells that are responsible for producing disease-fighting antibodies in the body in white blood cells. Myeloma affects plasma cell production, resulting in a weak immune system.
Diagnosis begins with a thorough history and physical examination. The physical examination is aimed to identify pale skin, tender bones, expanded lymph nodes, and liver and spleen enlargement. Blood tests and bone marrow tests will be done to find evidence of blood cancer. After blood cancer is diagnosed, it will be staged. Staging helps determine better prognosis and best-suited treatment protocol.
Signs and symptoms of blood cancer
Blood cancer is a form of malignancy that impacts the lymphatic system, bone marrow, or birth. Some prevalent symptoms of blood cancer include:
- Chills and fever
- Aching bones or tenderness
- Swelling of lymph nodes, and enlargement of the spleen
- Frequent nose bleeds
- Excessive loss of weight without making any effort
- Extreme weakness and fatigue
- Severe and recurrent infections
- Prone to bruises and bleeding easily
- Extreme night sweats
- Small red spots on the skin