Total hip replacement surgery or Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) is the surgical removal of a worn-out or a damaged hip joint. Such a surgery is usually required when the hip is fractured or there is excruciating pain due to arthritis, bone cancer or leukaemia. This pain then reduces mobility in the patient and also persists when resting. There are other reasons for hip replacement too such as, septic arthritis, bone dysplasia’s, rheumatoid arthritis or traumatic arthritis.
In a hip replacement surgery, the orthopaedic surgeon replaces the diseased or damaged hip joint with an artificial joint or a prosthesis. This prosthesis can be either of metal or plastic. A metal cup is implanted to replace the hip socket. Also, the round ball at the top of your thigh bone is replaced with a prosthetic ball. This ball is attached to a stem that fits into the thighbone.
Limitation of traditional orthopaedic surgery
Previously, surgeons replaced hip joints manually. Even though the traditional method is reliable and time-tested, it is not without its lacunae. The most common problem has been the new hip making the limb shorter or longer than the other limb. Besides, the traditional method had certain other shortcomings such as;
- It did more damage to the other soft tissues and the adjacent muscles
- The surgery involved a longer hospital stay
- The recovery process is also slow
- It leaves a larger scar
Why Robot-assisted Hip Replacement Surgery is Better?
Robot-assisted hip replacement surgery is the surgical method in which the orthopaedic surgeon with the aid of an advanced system provides the patient with accurate, precise and highly advanced surgery. A robot-assisted total hip replacement offers many benefits over conventional hip replacement surgery. The most important benefit is that robot-assisted hip replacement surgery is more accurate and precise. A crucial factor responsible for its success is, the perfect alignment and positioning of the artificial implant that a robot-assisted hip replacement surgery performs. There are studies to show that such surgeries match the length of the other limb five times better. A perfectly placed hip prosthesis ensures that you can walk naturally like before.
The procedure of robot-assisted hip replacement surgery
A robot-assisted hip replacement surgery begins with a Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the hip joint to construct a 3D model of the surgical area. When performing surgery, the surgical robotic software translates the information the CT scan provides. The robotic system takes into account the patient’s anatomy and tissue structure; thus, tailoring a surgery suitable to them.
The surgical robotic software then guides the surgeon in preparing the point of a hip implant and its positioning. The software communicates the correct information about the hip to be replaced to the surgeon. It provides a detailed ‘envelope’ area for the surgeon to work. The information is so accurate that it does not allow any movement beyond this area. This, in turn, minimises the damage to the surrounding tissues and hence is considered a better option over the conventional method. Besides in a robot-assisted hip replacement surgery;
- The robotic technology uses highly advanced software that along with a CT scan produces detailed 3D images of the patient’s locomotor structures. So even before making an incision, the surgeon can plan the procedure to the minutest detail.
- The incision made by a surgeon is smaller.
- There is enhanced safety and reduced risk to adjacent tissues.
- The scar is also small.
- There is less post-operative pain.
- The duration of a hospital stay is shorter.
- There are faster recovery and pain-free mobility.
- Rehabilitation therapy is quicker
- The failure rate is minimal
- The implant functions better in the long run.
Why is Hip Replacement So Popular?
Hip replacement surgery is gaining immense popularity among the younger population. This is attributed to a hip replacement being a successful procedure for all patients. Also, with advancements in technology and implants, the patient does not have to wait until attaining a particular age. The use of new materials for implants makes it long-lasting than before. Also, with better rehab therapy, the patient has to stay in the hospital for a few days only. So nowadays, there is no age limit as such for getting a hip replacement. Of course, you will have to consult your orthopaedic surgeon for other pre-existing conditions.
Why You Should Consider a Hip Replacement Surgery in India?
India has emerged as a hub for hip replacement surgery owing to the affordable costs of these procedures. The cost of total hip replacement in India is around $5,000. While a hip replacement surgery in the US is around $39,000. This depends on factors such as the choice of hospital, duration of stay and location of the chosen hospital in the city. The cost of robot-assisted total hip replacement in India can be said to be in the range of INR 1,40,000 (unilateral) to INR 2,35,000 (bilateral). Please note, these figures are only indicative. The actual cost of the surgery may differ.
The specialist doctors at these hospitals come with years of specialised experience. They are trained in the latest surgical procedures at prestigious institutes from the world over. The infrastructure at these hospitals is also best-in-class. The hospitals have the accreditation of the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH) and the Joint Commission International (JCI). This means you get world-class treatment from medical experts at affordable rates.